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German Urlaub Essay

Der Sommer (summer) is finally here!

It’s time to grab a book and head to the beach, have a barbecue, go camping or maybe visit the seaside.

If you’re learning German or planning a visit to Germany, summer is also a great opportunity to learn some interesting new words in German! Here’s a list of the 34 most important German words you’ll need this summer.
 

 

34 Essential German Vocabulary Words and Phrases for Summer

Places to go:

1.Der Strand – The beach

Let’s start off with the most important summer word of all. Ein Strand that is voll Sand (sandy) is probably the best choice.

2. Das Meer – The sea

The sea is the perfect place to find nice beaches. You can remember Meer means “sea” by thinking of the English word “marine”, which refers to sea life.

3. Der Ozean – The ocean

Just like in English, where “ocean” and “sea” are commonly used as interchangeable terms, the same is done with the German Meer and Ozean. Fun fact: the difference between the two is that Ozeane (oceans) are typically larger bodies of salt water, while Meere (seas) are smaller.

4. der See – The lake

This word often confuses English speakers, who assume it is synonymous with sea.

5. der Wald – The forest

If you’re a fan of hiking or camping, this is a great place to go in the summer.

6. der Zeltplatz –Campsite

You might set up one of these in der Wald. “Ein Zelt” is a tent, and “ein Platz” is a place—so “ein Zeltplatz” is literally a place for your tent.

7. der Park – The park

Now this is an easy one to remember.

 8der Biergarten – Beer garden

This is a classic German word that many beginners probably know already. Obviously, Bier is German for beer, while der Garten is garden. A beer garden doesn’t have to be a giant terrace full of benches at a big beer hall in Munich, but can technically refer to any garden in a pub that serves beer.

9. das Schwimmbad – Public swimming pool

Since “ein Bad” can refer to a bath, bathroom, or a swim in a pool or other water, naturally “Schwimmbad” means swimming pool. If you can’t make it out to der Wald or der See, the public swimming pool is always a good option. Even better, der Freibad is an outdoor swimming pool! You can remember this because “frei” means free, and you are free in the outdoors.

Things to do:

10. Urlaub machen – To take a vacation

“Der Urlaub” is a vacation or holiday, while “machen” is the verb “to make”. In German, you “make” a vacation, rather than taking or going on one, as we say in English.

11. zelten / campen – To camp

Both of these words mean “to camp”. Zelten has der Zelt, “tent”, as its root, so that shouldn’t be so hard to remember now that you know what “der Zeltplatz” and “das Zelt” are. “Campen” is quite self-explanatory.

12. schwimmen – To swim

Swimming is a classic summer pastime for den See, das Meer or das Schwimmbad.

13. Kanu fahren / Kajak fahren – To go canoeing / to go kayaking 

If schwimmen isn’t exciting enough for you, this is another fun activity for spending time at der StrandDas Kanu and der Kajak are pretty obvious translations. “Fahren” literally means “to drive”, but can also mean “to ride”, or in this case, “to paddle”.

14. segeln – To sail

Here’s another ideal sport for the lake or seaside. You’ll only need ein Segelboot (a sailboat) and a bit of Wind to be all set for a fun day on the water.

15. bräunen – To tan

This one is simple to remember, because “braun” is the German word for “brown”, so “bräunen” literally means “getting brown”. And remember, tanning is not just for der Strand. If the weather is nice enough you can even tan in der Park, on your Balkon (balcony) or in der Garten.

16. grillen – To grill

A barbecue is always perfect after some schwimmen or Kanu fahren. 

17. angeln – To fish

An easy way to remember this verb is that angling is angeln. If you’re particularly ambitious, you can try some angeln at den See to catch your own fish for grillen.

18. wandern – To hike or wander

Despite what you might think, this word does not always translate to “wandering,” but can also refer specifically to hiking, or perhaps just taking a walk. If you’re not that outdoorsy, you can always durch die Stadt wandern (walk through the city) or durch den Park wandern (ramble through the park).

19. felsklettern – To rock climb

“Ein Fels” is a rock and “klettern” means to climb. This is yet another way to get some exercise in the summer.

20. Fahrrad fahren – To ride a bicycle

“Ein Fahrrad” is a bicycle, and here we have an example of “fahren” being used to mean “to ride” rather than literally “to drive”. This is a more relaxed outdoor pastime than wandern or felsklettern. You might also sometimes hear Germans say “radeln” to refer to cycling. In German, “das Rad” is a wheel, so this verb makes sense.

21. Skateboard fahren – To skateboard

The same concept as Fahrrad fahren applies here: this literally translates to “to drive a skateboard”, but is analogous to our English verb “skateboarding”.

22. im Garten arbeiten – To work in the garden

As you may remember if you know what ein Biergarten is, “Garten” is the same as the English word “garden”. “Arbeiten” means “to work”. This can be a nice way to spend time in the summer, and you can always have plants on ein Balkon (a balcony) if you live in a flat. In English, we often say describe a talented gardener as “having green thumbs.” You can say the same in German; to be good at gardening is to grünen Daumen haben. (“Die Daumen” are thumbs, and “grün” is green.)

23. das Gras mähen / den Rasen mähen – To cut the grass / to cut the lawn

Perhaps not as fun as im Garten arbeiten, cutting the grass is still a necessary summer activity for those with a big yard. “Das Gras,” obviously, refers to grass. “Der Rasen” refers either to a lawn or to the grass on a sports field, and “Mähen” means to cut or mow.

Other summer words:

24. Sonnig/sonnenreich/sonnenhell – Sunny

Although these three words are slightly different, you can think of them as equivalents to the English “sunny”. The most exact translation is probably “sonnig“, while “sonnenreich” indicates a lot of sun, and “sonnenhell” could also mean “sunlit”. You can use any of these to describe a sunny day.

25. dieSonnencreme – Sunscreen 

This is an important word to know if you’re trying to avoid a nasty sunburn!

26. der Sonnenbrand – Sunburn

This is the only downside to days that are particularily sonnig.

27. die Sonnebrille – Sunglasses

You’ve probably figured out by now that “die Sonne” means “sun”. So when combined with “Die Brille” (glasses), we get something you can wear to protect your eyes from that bright sun.

28. die Hitze – Heat

You can remember this because it is similar to “heiß”, the German word for “hot”.

29. der Hitzschlag – Heatstroke

Staying in der Sonne for too long can lead to this. Der Schlag typically refers to a punch or a blow, so getting Hitzschlag is like literally getting hit by the heat.

30. der Eis – Ice cream

Although you might assume that “Eis” simply refers to ice, it in fact refers to ice cream. “Eine Kugel” is the word used to refer to a scoop of ice cream; it literally translates to “a ball”. You can also choose ein Stieleis instead, which is ice cream on einStiel (a stick). Prevent Hitzschlag by eating lots of cold treats when it’s hot outside.

31. der Gewittersturm – Thunderstorm

Thunderstorms are typical in late summer in many places. Once Juli (July) and August roll around, be on the lookout for summer storms. Ein Regenschirm (an umbrella) might be a good investment.

32. die Mücke – Mosquito

Perhaps even more so than Gewitterstürme (thunderstorms), die Mücken are one of the greatest annoyances of summer. “Der Moskito” can also refer to a mosquito. Although this term is not as commonly used, it may be simpler for us English native speakers to remember.

33. das Lagerfeuer – Campfire

“Das Lager” is a camp, while “das Feuer” is a fire. If you’re campen, and you want to avoid die Moskitosein Lagerfeuer is a good option.

34. die Grillparty – Barbecue party

This is another great use for ein Lagerfeuer. 

So head outside and enjoy the rest of summer, now that you’re fully equipped with the essential German words for this sunny season!

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  1. Hi, I have a GCSE German Oral Exam soon, could you please proofread my past-tense paragraph? The question for it is, "Where did you go last year on Holiday?" (As it's an oral exam, my spelling doesn't matter )

    German: Letztes Jahr, bin ich nach Spanien gefahren, weil Spanien mein lieblingsland ist, aber ich wohne in England. Die reise hat drei stunden gedauert und es war… okay, aber ich fand es ziemlich stressig, weil die reise sehr lang war. Wir sind in einer Villa geblieben. In Spanien, habe ich shorts getragen. Als ich angekommen bin, bin ich sofort ins Villa gegangen. Im Villa, kann man das Internet benutzen und es ist ziemlich billig, also ich hatte computerspiele gespielt. Ich habe ins strand gefahren. Das war fantastisch, aber es war sehr heiss. Mein Vater hat zu viel Bier getrunken.

    English: Last year, I traveled to Spain, because Spain is my favourite country, but I live in England. The journey was three hours long, and it was... okay, but I found it very stressful, because the journey was so long. We stayed in a Villa. In Spain, I wore shorts. When I arrived, I immediately went to the villa. In villas, you can use the internet, and it's rather cheap, so I played computer games. I went to the beach. That was fantastic, but it was very hot. My Dad had drank alot of beer.

    Please help me anyway you can, it'd be appreciated.
  2. You told me not to correct your spelling so I shall resist the urges!

    It should read: 'Letztes Jahr bin ich nach Spanien gefahren, weil Spanien mein Lieblingsland ist, aber ich wohne in England. Die Reise hat drei stunden gedauert und sie war… okay, aber ich fand sie ziemlich stressig, weil die Reise sehr lang war. Wir sind in einem Villa geblieben. In Spanien, habe ich eine kurze Hose getragen. Als ich angekommen bin, bin ich sofort in die Villa gegangen. In der Villa konnte man das Internet benutzen und es war ziemlich billig, also hatte ich computerspiele gespielt. Ich bin ins strand gefahren. Das war fantastisch, aber es war sehr heiss. Mein Vater hat zu viel Bier getrunken.'

    I'm not German so I may have made some errors or overlooked them in correction, but it seems okay to me. The only problem is that you make some points and then kind of leave them, like about wearing shorts... I personally would rewrite the whole thing as:

    'Vor einem Jahr(e) bin ich mit meiner Familie nach Spanien geflogen, da es mein Lieblingsland ist. Ich wünsche, dass ich dort wohne, statt in England zu wohnen. Die Reise war darum sehr langweilig, weil sie drei Stunden lang gedauert hat. In Spanien haben wir in einer Villa gewohnt und das hat mir sehr gefallen, weil sie sehr geräumig war. Es war aber sehr heiß, also musste ich ein T-Shirt und eine kurze Hose den ganzen Urlaub lang tragen. Weil es sehr heiß war, verbrachte ich viele Zeit beim Computerspielen, zumal das Internet so billig war. Mein Vater hat auch zu viel Bier getrunken, deswegen mussten wir in der Villa bleiben. Der Urlaub hat mir allerdings sehr gefallen und ich hoffe, dass ich dort bald zurückkehre.'

    As I said before, I'm not German, so don't hunt me down if there's any mistakes! I just thought I'd try and make it a little bit more sophisticated for you, chuck in a few grammar points you only really learn at University, etc. I hope it helps!

    If you have any questions or problems about why I've done something, just ask! I'm happy to help with any German-related problem!
    (Original post by ohdannyboy)
    Hi, I have a GCSE German Oral Exam soon, could you please proofread my past-tense paragraph? The question for it is, "Where did you go last year on Holiday?" (As it's an oral exam, my spelling doesn't matter )

    German: Letztes Jahr, bin ich nach Spanien gefahren, weil Spanien mein lieblingsland ist, aber ich wohne in England. Die reise hat drei stunden gedauert und es war… okay, aber ich fand es ziemlich stressig, weil die reise sehr lang war. Wir sind in einer Villa geblieben. In Spanien, habe ich shorts getragen. Als ich angekommen bin, bin ich sofort ins Villa gegangen. Im Villa, kann man das Internet benutzen und es ist ziemlich billig, also ich hatte computerspiele gespielt. Ich habe ins strand gefahren. Das war fantastisch, aber es war sehr heiss. Mein Vater hat zu viel Bier getrunken.

    English: Last year, I traveled to Spain, because Spain is my favourite country, but I live in England. The journey was three hours long, and it was... okay, but I found it very stressful, because the journey was so long. We stayed in a Villa. In Spain, I wore shorts. When I arrived, I immediately went to the villa. In villas, you can use the internet, and it's rather cheap, so I played computer games. I went to the beach. That was fantastic, but it was very hot. My Dad had drank alot of beer.

    Please help me anyway you can, it'd be appreciated.

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